Botanical Name: Olea Europaea
Olive is its common name and it is a evergreen short and squat tree. It produces silver green leaves. Olive fruit is widely used. Olive trees are evergreen trees that are primarily cultivated for their fruit, olives, and their oil.
- Appearance: Olive trees have a distinctive appearance with gnarled trunks and silvery-green leaves. They can grow to a medium to large size, depending on the variety. The trees are often pruned to facilitate harvesting and to maintain their shape.
- Fruit: The olive tree produces small, oblong fruits known as olives. Olives can vary in size, shape, and color depending on the variety. They are typically green when unripe and turn black or purple as they ripen, although this can vary.
- Olive Oil: The primary economic importance of olive trees is the production of olive oil. Olive oil is extracted from the fruit, and it is widely used in cooking and as a salad dressing. Olive oil is known for its health benefits and is a key component of the Mediterranean diet.
- Cultivation: Olive trees are hardy and drought-resistant once established. They prefer well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight. They are grown in orchards, and the cultivation practices can vary depending on the region and the specific goals of the farmer.